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Common Garden Pests
Common Carden Pests: Identify, Control, Eliminate.

Aphids, a type of common Garden Pest
Aphids are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Garden Pests, Earwigs
Earwigs are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Mealy Bugs
Mealy Bugs are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Garden Pests: Rabbits
Rabbits are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Garden Pests: squirrels
Squirrels are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Garden Pests also include cute deer
Deer are cute, but a garden pest. Learn how to deal with them.

Garden Pests: Grasshoppers
Grasshoppers are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Garden Pests include mites
Mites are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Garden Pests: Slugs
Slugs are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Thrips are Garden Pests
Thrips are a common garden pest. Learn how to identify and deal with them.

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
THERE are literally thousands of diseases and pests that may appear on the plants in your garden

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Petsts - Pesticides
The list presented here gives most of the chemicals mentioned in the text and a sampling of trade names, the latter in italics.

Common Garden Pests

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES
Some insects have chewing mouthparts, biting holes in leaves or other plant parts with their jaws;

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Diseases designated anthracnose are characterized by distinctive dead areas on leaves, often along the veins, on stems or fruit

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Petsts - BICHLORIDE OF MERCURY
BICHLORIDE OF MERCURY (mercuric chloride, corrosive sublimate).

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES
Hyperplastic, or overdevelopment, symptoms are galls, tumor-like swell ings; curl or blister, coming from excessive growth in portions of leaves

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Reddish brown or water-soaked areas on leaves turn black or brown; leaves shrivel and shatter; stems have elongated tan cankers.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - CHLORANIL

Common Garden Pests - SOIL, ROOT, and CROWN PROBLEM

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Ants
The spots are both small and numerous, tan with purple or brown borders on flower bracts, grayish with reddish margins on leaves.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests- COPPER-LIME DUST.
A mixture of 20% copper, 80% hydrated lime for use on potatoes, chiefly.

Common Garden Pests - STEM and SHOOT PROBLEMS (cont.)

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Aphids
There are many other ants, more in the South than the North, and some are agricultural or garden pests

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - DINITRO COMPOUNDS
Derivatives of cresol and phenol used in some dor mant sprays, chiefly to kill aphid eggs, sometimes in dilute dust form for mites in growing season.

Common Garden Pests - STEM and SHOOT PROBLEMS (cont.)

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
There are hundreds of species of aphids. The few mentioned here merely illustrate some of the different kinds and varying plant reactions

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests -DORMANT SPRAY
Should con trol apple scab, brown rot, codling moth and other chewing insects but not aphids.

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
New galls, up to an inch long, are green with the closed mouth of each cell marked with a red or purple line and each containing a dozen or so aphids.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - HEPTACHLOR
Another synthetic chlorinated hydrocarbon, formulated as a dust, wettable powder, or emulsion, promising in control of wireworms,

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Aphids
This is an important species, quite injurious to peaches, potatoes, and spinach, feeding on many other fruits, vegetables, and ornamentals, and a vector of tomato mosaic and many other virus diseases

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests -METALDEHYDE
An analog of DDT less toxic to man and animals and some plants and somewhat less effective for most insects but more effective for Mexican bean beetles,

Common Garden Pests - FOLIAGE PROBLEMS (cont.)

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
I get excellent control of aphids on rose with the pyrethrum and rotenone contained in Tri-ogen, a three-in-one combination rose spray. Some report good results with lindane, and old Black Leaf 40 is not to be sneezed at

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - PARIS GREEN
Formerly used to treat gladiolus corms against thrips but now replaced by DDT.

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Bagworms
When all the food in one garden has been eaten, the army marches on to the next

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - SABADILLA.

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIES

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Their front wings (elytra) are hardened and thickened to serve as a convex shield for the membranous hind wings used in flight

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - TETRAETHYL PYROPHOSPHATE
A poison which can be applied to the soil and taken up by the plant, controlling mites, particularly red spider on car nation in greenhouses,

Common Garden Pests - BUD and FLOWER PROBLEMS

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Beetles
On removing the bark, which is usually covered with small round exit holes of the beetle, you can see engraving on the wood, sculptured main galleries along which the females have laid their eggs

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - ZIRAM
This spray comes in 3 containers, the ingredients to be measured and diluted only at the time of spraying.

Common Garden Pests - GARDEN ENEMIESBUD and FLOWER PROBLEMS

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
They contain cantharidin, a chemical that can blister the skin.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - FRUIT PROBLEMS

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
They are also very fond of Chinese lantern. In the South there are 2 or more generations

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Lindane is effective, applied either to the soil to kill larvae or as a spray to keep adults from feeding. DDT also controls the insect but may injure some camellia varieties.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Experience has shown that after a community has endured hordes of beetles for several years their numbers decline, partly due to natural parasites.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
The beetles are large, an inch or more long, stout, reddish brown or black. The dirty white, hairy, wrinkled grubs resemble those of Japanese beetles but are twice the size.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
After 2 to 5 weeks of feeding they pupate on the leaf, the pupa somewhat resembling the larva but with the spines pushed down near the leaf.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Birds
There is always agitation about the effect of poisons used in sprays on bird populations

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Azaleea
The fungus lives from one season to the next in very small, thin, black sclerotia on the ground or in mulch under the bushes.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Mulches or chemical ground treatments to inhibit apothecial production are useless in controlling this disease because there are always too many other azaleas in the neighborhood producing spores for secondary infection.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies- Blights
Since there are no conidia, control is easy theoretically by removing and destroying all flowers as they fade, not allowing any to remain on the ground.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Cut fading flowers into a paper bag as you walk around the garden

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies- Blights
When gray mold forms on affected parts, spores are splashed by rain to nearby tulips, causing myriads of small white spots on colored petals, brown spots on white flowers

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Because the bacteria are swarming down inside the tissue some distance beyond the part visibly blighted, always prune out infected branches several inches below the dead part.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies- Borers
The borers can be killed by injecting a tablespoon of carbon bisulfide into each burrow, closing the hole with mud or putty

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
A white caterpillar with a brown head, larva of a clear-wing moth, works in cambium of flowering dogwood, often causing death of limbs

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Spray or dust with DDT in spring, starting when fans are about 6 inches high

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Inspect shrubs frequently; cut out branches below the part infested

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Bugs
Winter is spent as a cocoon in the soil and wasplike moths lay their eggs on stems, leaf stalks, and blossoms early in summer

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Bugs
the adults live 20 to 30 days, laying eggs for the second brood, which appears in August (in New Jersey) and continues as long as the weather is warm

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
They are coffee colored or grayish, bleached or stippled, with the tell-tale brown specks on the underside

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
It hibernates under bark and in spring glues black eggs to underside of leaves

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Bugs
Cut and burn old stalks at ground level after frost in autumn. Spray or dust foliage with DDT

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Some stink bugs act as vectors of plant disease, distributing the organisms causing yeast spot of lima bean, kernel spot of pecan

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
The fungi apparently gain entrance through bud scars in spring, young buds in summer, and pruning wounds.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies- Caterpillars
Fertilize to renew vigor. Spraying lower branches of spruce 2 or 3 times in spring with bordeaux mixture or a fixed copper may reduce infection.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
But unless the band was in place early in the fall and the sticky surface renewed in February it did little good.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Wipe out nests while caterpillars are still young, wrapping the mess in newspaper for burning in the incinerator. Do not burn nests in the tree with a flaming torch

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Chlorosis
There are 3 to 6 generations. Another green caterpillar, the cabbage looper, has thin white stripes along the abdomen and the same looping habit as cankerworms.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Cicadas
The air is hideous with its continuous high-pitched whine, and oak trees look as if they had been suddenly struck by blight, being covered with twigs and small branche

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies- Crickets
The root system becomes a distorted mass of large and small swellings, sometimes several roots swollen like sweet potatoes

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
The curculio is small, 1/4 inch long, brownish with humps on the wing covers, and a snout about a third the length of the body. Adults winter in any shelter around the orchard

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
It winters as a pupa, and in spring the gray-brown moth lays masses of eggs on stems or leaves of low plants, on twigs, or on buildings

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Dodder germinates from seed just like any other vine, but as soon as its waving tendril latches on to a plant it takes a stranglehold, sends suckers into the stem in search of food, and loses its own connection with the ground.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
They are soft, white or yellowish, footless worms without much head, and they pupate in brown capsules called puparia

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Control. Standard procedure for growers has been to soak bulbs in hot water at 110 to 115F. for 2% hours,

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies- Grashoppers
They are spread on tools in propagating operations and in cultivating, and sometimes are carried in irrigation water.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
They sometimes look as if a gathering string had been run along the midrib and pulled tight.

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Leafhoppers
There are 2 generations, but the fall brood accounts for general loss of color in Virginia creeper and Boston ivy

Common Garden Pests - Garden Plants and Their Problems

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Leaf miners are chewing insects which tunnel between upper and lower leaf surfaces

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Columbine
Summer sprays with dieldrin and aldrin will kill miners inside the leaves

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Lead arsenate has given fair control of locust miners in the past, but lindane or chlordane is now suggested, as for the birch miner

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
When dead areas are large and indefinite, the disease goes under another name-anthracnose, blight, blotch, or scorch. Leaf spots are present in our gardens by the thousand

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Combination sprays or dusts to take care of black spot along with insect pests are perfectly satisfactory so long as they are geared to your climate

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Maggots
Leaves of Boston ivy and Virginia creeper are often covered with angular, reddish to brown spots, dark brown at the margin, with very minute black dots in the center

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Working lindane into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil just before planting controls maggots but may impart an off-flavor to radishes

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Mammals
A special deer repellent, Good-rite z.i.p., is now available for spraying on foliage of tulips and other plants deer are fond of. The chemical is most distasteful to the deer, who spit out treated leaves, but does not harm them

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Mealybugs
Gardeners have also used napthalene flakes in the soil, but the fumes sometimes injure the bulbs more than they repel the rodents.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Florida Volck or 41/2 tablespoons Nursery Volck, plus 2 tablespoons powdered derris and 1 teaspoon nicotine sulfate per gallon of water) have given reasonably good control.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
A California pest, sucking roots of Kentia palms, boxwood, privet, chrysanthemum, and other ornamentals. Drenching the soil with dichlorethyl ether (21/2 teaspoons to 1 gallon of water) has been recommended.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Millipeds
I have noted at least two in gardens.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Mites
Millipedes are gray or brown, formed of many segments, and are found coiled up like a watch spring in soil or in rotting roots or bulbs

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Mites
The six-spotted mite (Tetranychus sexmaculatus) is more important in Florida and the Gulf States than California. The mites form colonies and webs in depressed areas on underside of leaves

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Mites
Adults winter under tree bark or under leaves and trash on ground

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Moths
Drenching with water helps-a weekly bath for ivies and other house plants, and occasional syringing with the hose to break webs on garden plants.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Moths
Young worms chew their way into the fruit, usually entering through the calyx cup and boring to the center, announcing their presence with dark masses of frass

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Way back in 1869 some moths brought to this country for experiment in silk production got away

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Egg masses can be daubed with creosote and trees sprayed with lead arsenate or DDT.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Boxwood decline shows in foliage color, ranging from dark greenish bronze to light orange, in defoliation, and sudden death of branches

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Hyacinth foliage may be twisted and split with yellow flecks; narcissus leaves sometimes have pustules or blisters.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
On phlox the white coating appears on variety Miss Lingard in June but becomes prominent on other varieties in July and August

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Most of the carbamate sprays-Fermate, Dithane, Parzate, etc.- do not control mildew, but the new Manzate may be more effective

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Rots
It is difficult to kill them in this protected location, but you can get the adults, small grayish-green flies,

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
This rot is known to every housewife who has bought a basket of peaches for canning and had to wait a day before getting to it

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
We have long searched for a good soil disinfectant which will kill crown rot sclerotia without harming living plants. We do not have it, but it is possible to kill mycelium and temporarily prevent spread of disease with bichloride of mercury

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Rots
A similar mushroom root rot (Clitocybe tabescens) is important in the decline of citrus trees in Florida.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
In all cases the sclerotia drop to the ground and in spring produce rather large apothecia, up to an inch across, which eject spores in a veritable cloud. There is no conidial stage

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Rusts
The classic example is wheat rust with barberry as alternate host

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Rusts
By midsummer leaves of this host have circular orange-red spots each with a circle of tiny black dots on upper surface and there are wreaths or clusters of little brownish cups on the undersurface.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Remove then and again in early spring all leaves showing signs of rust. Dust with sulfur, starting very early in the season.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Larvae are light green with narrow white stripes

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
They do not like the taste of new needles; so pines are usually left with long naked arms where old needles have been chewed to the base, and a brush of new leaves at the tip

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
There may be several generations a season, and slug damage in late summer is probably from this species. It winters in brown papery cocoons in garden trash

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Scale Insects
Unarmored or soft scales do not have such a hard covering, and some may make sluggish movements

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Young larvae are red with black legs; winged males are very small, covered with long white filaments

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Scale Insects
The males are white, almost needle thin and thickly encrust vines, twigs, and underside of leaves. Leaves turn yellow and drop; vines die

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
The females are up to 1/2 inch across, very convex, brown, honeycombed with pits and covered with white wax

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Control depends on killing the crawlers in late spring, and the spray must be accurately timed-the end of May or first of June in Alabama

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
It is a rather flat tortoise scale, soft, brown or yellow marbled with brown, or sometimes greenish, hard to see unless the infestation is large

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Tree trunks are often covered with the shells, an inch wide, grayish with brown bands

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Control is directed toward the insect, not the fungus. When whiteflies on gardenia are killed with oil sprays, or parathion, the mold rolls up and gradually disappears

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
or ornamentals, spray or dust with benzene hexachloride or lindane, with DDT dust as a third choice. Dust strawberries with DDT before fruit forms, then with rotenone

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Daylilies are streaked and distorted. Young nymphs, very slender, lemon-colored, can be seen only by pulling open the flowers and looking at base of petals

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Rose blooms are distorted, petals spotted and streaked

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Viruses are transmitted from plant to plant by insects, by rubbing, by vegetative propagation, and occasionally in seeds

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Spray with DDT to control vectors when leaves are fully open and repeat 1 or 2 months later.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Appearing in mid and late summer this wasp makes a mess of lawns, tunneling far underground and marking the openings to its burrows with little mounds of earth

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies - Weather
Some of its effects are mechanical, as frost cracks in sudden cold or actual breaking of limbs

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
The caterpillars are very hairy, about an inch long, pale yellow with black spots, and they fill the webs with black pellets of excrement.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Weeds are not among the garden enemies outlined in this book, for it would take too much space to go into all the modern methods of weed control

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
And for heaven's sake don't open up your can of weedkiller and mix your spray in the head house of your greenhouse or outdoors near your best bed of roses.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Grubs eat young roots, girdle larger roots. Small hemlocks can be killed by larval feeding, but the damage from adults is not impor- tant

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Underside of leaves is completely covered with flat nymphs and upper surface with sooty mold. DDT controls the whiteflies but increases southern red mites.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Hue to too rapid evaporation but with a return to normal when water is applied, or it may be permanent due to disease organisms interfering with the water-conducting system.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Elms die suddenly or gradually. In the acute form of disease first the young leaves and then all the leaves wilt and wither so rapidly they curl, dry, and fall while still green.

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
White oaks may presist for a few years with branches dying

Common Garden Pests - Types of Garden Enemies
Wireworms are not what most gardeners think they are

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