Types of Garden Enemies
DOGS.
Wire guards, the ends sharpened to a point and bent out at right angles, will prevent browning of shrubbery by dogs.

GOPHERS.
The pocket gopher is a burrowing rodent, size of a large rat, with strong claws, short tail, and large cheek pouches. It is common in the West, and is found in the Middle West but not in the East. It injures roots, bulbs, and root crops by many tunnels. It is controlled with poison bait, strychnine applied to large pieces of cut vegetables-carrots or sweet potatoes-and placed in the runways.

DEER.
A special deer repellent, Good-rite z.i.p., is now available for spraying on foliage of tulips and other plants deer are fond of. The chemical is most distasteful to the deer, who spit out treated leaves, but does not harm them.

MICE
are common garden enemies and very destructive in winter to plants heavily mulched with straw or other protective material. The pine mouse works in the ground, burrowing from a few inches to several feet below the surface, cutting off roots, and sometimes killing fruit trees and shrubs, including roses. Field mice work on the surface of the ground, under cover of salt hay or other mulch, and girdle rose canes and debark young fruit trees. Use snap-back mouse traps (Victor Ries suggests peanut butter or melon seeds as bait) or poison bait. A strychnine-soda formula is effective: mix together1/8 ounce powdered strychnine and 1/8 ounce baking soda, sift over 1 quart of oats, stir, warm in oven, and pour over this a mixture of 3 parts melted beef fat and 1 part melted paraffin, stirring until oats are evenly coated. For pine mice the same amount of strychnine and baking soda is dissolved in l/2 cup water and poured over 2 quarts of shelled peanuts. The peanuts are then dropped into the runs and covered with squares of roofing paper which will keep birds and pets from reaching the poisoned bait.

MOLES.
AS I lecture around the country, the question I am most frequently asked is what to do about moles. Actually moles seldom injure plants directly, preferring grubs and other insects as food, but their mounded runs do ruin lawns, and when they tunnel through plant roots loss of vigor and sometimes death follow. Treating lawns with chlordane to get rid of grubs also discourages moles. There are many baits on the market, such as Mole-Nots, to be dropped into runs, and sometimes these are fairly satisfactory. Poisoned peanuts, sold as TAT M0G0, are rated as quite successful. Watching for moles at work in the runs and killing them with a spade is good if you have time to sit out in the sun. Special mole traps correctly set in the runs kill some moles.




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